Color Analysis – CIE94 (ASTM E with ASTM D). Color Analysis – Hunter (ASTM E & ASTM D). Scope: Hunter Lab and XYZ are standard . This standard is issued under the fixed designation D ; the number 1 This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E12 on Color and. ASTM D Standard Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates.

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For textiles the following equivalence relations holds: Record the location where these measurements were made on the specimen. Your comments will receive careful consideration asmt a meeting of the responsible technical committee, which you may attend. A color difference equation quanti? There should not be a need to break the equation down into perceptual components—the CIELAB components of the model do that already. Hunter Lab and XYZ are standard three dimensional color e2244 that allows a precise definition of the color of a test sample.

Good correlation with the visual judgments may not be obtained when the calculations are made with other illuminants. Due to copyright restrictions, we are atm able to provide copies of standards. This is contrary to what is observed. Where it is suspected that the specimens may be metameric, that is, possess different spectral curves though visually alike in color, Practice D should be used to verify instrumental results.

Send us a request Need help or have a question? The four color space terms are computed ast follows: The most common values are 2: Digital colorimetry allows more tolerance on the spectral scale and spectral bandwidth but demand much more stability in the radiometric scale.

The next section, uses data from awtm commercial collaborative testing program to illustrate precision for one material. ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard.

That implies that the equations themselves misclassify a color difference with a frequency no greater than that of the most experienced visual color matcher.

It was derived primarily from visual observations of automotive paints on steel panels. Consequently, color differences are seldom if aastm computed directly from differences in x, y, and Y.



Through our network of over 43, people in 1, laboratories and offices in countries, Intertek provides quality and safety solutions to a wide range of industries around the world.

Nor is it possible or reasonable to plot groups of colors in terms of the modi? Lightness L99 5 The equations derived and documented in standard DIN provides an axes rotation and the logarithmic expansion of the new axes to match that of the spacing of the CIE94 color tolerance formula without the need to make the specimen identi? Where it is suspected that the specimens may be metameric, that is, possess different spectral curves though visually alike in color, Practice D should be used to verify instrumental results.

There is no simple factor that can be used to convert accurately color differences or color tolerances in one system to difference or tolerance units in another system for all colors of specimens. Use of a tolerance equation for other than daylight conditions will require visual confirmation of the level of metamerism in accordance with Practice D Today, while instruments intended for use in color measurements share many common components, UV-VIS analytical spectrophotometers are designed to optimize their use in chemometric quantitative analysis, which requires very precise spectral position and very narrow bandpass and moderate baseline stability.

This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every? Each subsequent color scale based on CIE values has 2 6.

Both are appropriate for and widely used in industrial and commercial applications including, but not limited to, automobiles, coatings, cosmetics, inks, packaging, paints, plastics, printing, security, and textiles.

Visually, there is no change in the magnitude of the difference between the specimens simply by switching roles. The sections on apparatus, calibration standards and methods, and measurement procedures served little purpose in the light of modern color-measurement technology.

ASTM D ColorTolerance_百度文库

A superscript epsilon e indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval. The revision published in omitted these sections, and limited the color spaces and color-difference equations considered, to the three most widely used in the paint and related coatings industry.

Typically a 50 mm 2″ or mm 4″ disk Data: ASTM D von The four more recently de? The three tolerance equations given here have been tested extensively against such data for textiles and plastics and have been shown to agree with the visual evaluations to within the aetm uncertainty of the visual judgments. Validating the specifications, value and safety of your raw materials, products and assets.


Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of ast, validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, ast, entirely their own responsibility.

Color Analysis – CIE94 (ASTM E1347 with ASTM D2244)

Current color tolerance difference equations which base the distortion of CIELAB space on the position of the standard allows a user to prede?

Additionally, the colorimetric spectrometer wstm also be able to report the underlying spectral data from which the colorimetric data were derived. Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at phonefaxor service astm.

Global Reach Intertek is the industry leader with over 42, people in 1, locations in over countries. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. A previous revision added two new color tolerance equations and put asrm of the color difference equations from the version in an informative appendix for historical purposes.

Certification Formally confirming that your products and services meet all trusted external and internal standards. Visual color and spectrophotometer readings can also be affected by surface texture, molding parameters, processing d224, and viewing light sources.

Aztm revised init included four color spaces in which color-scale values could be measured by instruments, many of which were obsolete, and the color differences calculated by ten equations for different color scales.

Inter-changing the reference and test specimens does not change either the perceived or predicted color differences.

ASTM D2244

Summary dd2244 Practice 4. Originally approved in Examples of Ka and Kb are tabulated in Table X1. Testing Evaluating how your products and services meet and exceed quality, safety, sustainability and performance standards. The X-Rite i7 Colorimeter is highly automated.